Element 44: Ruthenium
Latin Name: ruthenium, rutheniī
- “Ruthenia, Rutheniae " - Russia
- — > [ rutheniā- ] — stem
- — > [ rutheniā- ] + [ io- ] — with stem of elemental suffix -ium
- — > [ ruthen- ] + [ io- ] — [ io- ] assimilates ending iā in [ rutheniā- ]
- — > [ ruthenio- ] — new stem implying “Russia element”
- = “ruthenium, rutheniī " - second-declension neuter
Named for its place of discovery.
This word traces its roots all the way back to the Latin word poena, which translates as “penalty or punishment.” Later in Latin, it became pena, then, in Old English, it became the verb pinian and eventually pinen. Its definition - to cause pain or to torture - remained largely unchanged until this most recent iteration of the word.